Cervical cancer is a common type of cancer that forms in the tissues of the cervix, the tube that connects the uterus to the vagina. It usually has no symptoms, but regular Pap tests can detect it. These tests involve scraping cells from the cervix and examining them under a microscope. Most cases of cervical tumors are caused by the human papilloma virus, which almost always causes cervical cancer.
Treatment for cervical cancer can include a variety of procedures. Surgery is a popular option to remove as much of the tumor as possible. Surgical treatment may include the removal of the cervix and pelvic organs. Radiation therapy is a treatment that uses high-energy X-ray beams to kill the cancer cells. The radiation can be delivered through a metal tube that is placed inside the body. If the cervix is affected by cancer, the most common treatment option is chemotherapy.
There are various types of treatment for cervical cancer. One of the most common is chemotherapy, which is a combination of drugs that kill cancer cells throughout the body. It is often given in cycles, and then patients stop to recover. The latest drug is bevacizumab, which blocks the growth of new blood vessels that help the tumor grow. The treatment is usually a combination of the two. It may be recommended that you undergo screenings on a regular basis.